Can I combine the missed fasts of Ramadaan with the fasts of first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah?
REPLY in SHORT:
Although, you cannot fast the voluntary fast with two intentions, what you can do is fast on virtuous days (like the ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah or Arafat) with the intention of making up for the missed obligatory fasts of Ramadaan,… in this way, you will have earned two rewards!!
• one for making up the missed fast
• and another for the virtuous day of Dhul-Hijjah
Firstly, it’s only nine days of fasting, and not 10 days, for we are prohibited to fast on the Day of Eid.
As for whether it is permissible to fast with two intentions, it says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’, 10/383 islamqa, “It is NOT permissible to observe a voluntary fast with two intentions, the intention of making up a missed fast and the intention of observing a Sunnah fast.”
Make up your Missed fasts before Voluntary Fasts!
As for if one still has to make up for the missed obligatory fasts, scholar say that one should make up for the missed fasts before the voluntary fasts – as can be read in the following fatawa of Shaikh Ibn Baz:
Question: What is the ruling on voluntary fast, such as the six days of Shawwal, the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, and the Day of Ashura (10th of Muharram), for a person who has to make up for days from Ramadan?
Reply by Shaikh Ibn Baz: One has to make up for the missed days of Ramadan BEFORE starting the supererogatory Sawm, because the obligatory act of worship is more important than the supererogatory according to the most preponderant of the scholars’ opinions.
also see, http://alifta.com/Fatawa/fatawaDetails.aspx?View=Page&PageID=2991&PageNo=1&BookID=14
Earn Two Rewards…
What is interesting to know is that if one were to fast such a virtuous days with the intention of making up for the missed obligatory fasts, he will have earned TWO REWARDS!! – as Shaikh Ibn al-Uthaimeen has mentioned in the following Fatawa…
“With regard to obligatory and voluntary fasts, what is prescribed in sharee’ah and what makes sense is to start with the obligatory fasts and then do the naafil ones, because the obligatory fast is a debt which must be paid, whereas the naafil fast is voluntary and is to be done if one can manage it, otherwise there is no sin on one.
Based on this, we say to the one who owes a missed Ramadaan fast: make up what you owe before you observe a voluntary fast.
If he observes a voluntary fast before making up what he owes then the correct view is that his voluntary fast is valid so long as there is still enough time to make up the missed fasts, because a person may make up missed Ramadaan fasts so long as there is still enough time for him to do so before the next Ramadaan comes. So long as there is still plenty of time, it is permissible for him to observe voluntary fasts.
This is similar to the case of obligatory prayers, such as if a person offers a naafil prayer before an obligatory prayer when there is still plenty of time, this is permissible. Whoever fasts on the day of ‘Arafah or ‘Ashoora’, and still owes some days from Ramadaan, his fast is valid.
But if he has the intention of fasting this day to make up for a missed Ramadaan fast, he will have two rewards –
- one for the day of Arafah or Ashoora and
- another for making up the missed fast.
This applies to all voluntary fasts that are NOT connected to Ramadaan.
With regard to fasting the six days of Shawwaal, these are connected to Ramadaan and can only be done after making up missed Ramadaan fasts. If a person fasts these days before making up his missed Ramadaan fasts, he will not get the reward for them, because the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,
“Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.”
It is known that the one who still has some days to make up is not regarded as having fasted Ramadaan until he makes up those days.
Some people think that if they fear Shawwal is going to end soon, and they fast the six days even though they still owe some days from Ramadaan, that this is acceptable. This is a mistake, because these six days cannot be fasted until a person has made up the days that he owes from Ramadaan.
Majmoo Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 20/438. islamqa
So, what seems to be SMART on our part is to fast these days of Dhul-Hijjah with the intention of making-up the missed obligatory fasts, and also earn the reward for the voluntary fast!!
Answer compiled by Shawana A Aziz