Who should not clip Nails and cut Hair during Dhul-Hijjah?
The Ruling in Short
“Whoever wants to offer a sacrifice, it is obligatory for him, once the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah begins, not to remove anything from his hair or nails until he has offered the sacrifice, whether that is by shaving, trimming or any other means. Whoever does not plan to offer a sacrifice is not obliged to adhere to that.” Ibn Hazm, Al-Muhallah, 6/3
“For the person on whose behalf the sacrifice is offered, there is no blame on him if he removes anything from his hair or nails.” Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (7/530)
Who and until when?
This ruling applies to the owner of (i.e., the one who has bought) the sacrificial animal; man or woman – until the sacrifice is offered.
It is mentioned in a Fatawa of al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, “It is prescribed for the one who wants to offer a sacrifice, once the new moon of Dhu’l-Hijjah appears, not to remove anything from his hair, nails or skin, until he has offered the sacrifice, because of the report narrated by the group except al-Bukharee from Umm Salamah (radhi allahu anha) that the Messenger of Allah said, “When you see the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, let him leave his hair and nails alone.”
A version narrated by Abu Dawood (2791) and Muslim (1977) says, “Whoever has an animal to slaughter, when the new moon of Dhu’l-Hijjah appears, let him not remove anything from his hair or nails until he has offered the sacrifice.”
This applies whether he is going to slaughter the sacrifice himself or he has appointed someone else to do it; but with regard to those on whose behalf the sacrifice is being offered (i.e., his family, etc) that is not prescribed for them, because there is no report to that effect.” – Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (11/397)
The Reason for this Prohibition is that when the person who wants to offer the sacrifice joins the pilgrims in some of the rituals of Hajj – namely drawing closer to Allah by slaughtering the sacrifice – he also joins him in some of the features of ihraam, namely refraining from cutting his hair, etc.” Ibn Baz, Fataawa Islamiyyah (2/316)
If I form the intention after the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah?
…you should refrain from clipping nails and cutting hair from the moment you make your intention.
Shaikh Abdul-Azeez ibn Baz (rahimahullah) said, “If he forms the intention to offer the sacrifice during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, then he should refrain from that from the moment he forms that intention, and there is no sin on him for anything he may have done before forming the intention. ” Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/316
If I am appointed to sacrifice?
…you do not have to abide by this ruling.
Those who are appointed to slaughter do not have to abide by this ruling because as Shaikh Ibn Baz explained, “Those who are appointed to do this on behalf of others are not the ones who are offering the sacrifice, rather the ones who are offering the sacrifice are the one who appointed them to do that.” [Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/316]
If sacrifice is done on my behalf?
…you do not have to refrain from clipping nails or cutting hair.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (7/530), “For the person on whose behalf the sacrifice is offered, there is no blame on him if he removes anything from his hair or nails. The evidence for that is as follows:
1. This is the apparent meaning of the hadeeth, which indicates that the prohibition applies only to the one who is going to offer the sacrifice. Based on this, the prohibition applies only to the head of the household, not to the members of his family, because the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) connected the ruling to the one who is going to offer the sacrifice, so what is understood is that this ruling does not apply to those on whose behalf the sacrifice is offered.
2. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to offer the sacrifice on behalf of his household and it is not narrated that he said to them, “Do not remove anything from your hair or nails or skin.” If that had been forbidden for them, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have told them not to do it. This view is the more correct opinion.” [end quote, islamqa]
If I mistakenly remove my nails?
…is my sacrifice invalid?
Your sacrifice is valid. You do not have to offer any fidyah (ransom), but you have to repent and seek forgiveness.
Shaikh Abdul-Azeez ibn Baz (rahimahullah) said, “If the person who wants to offer the sacrifice does remove anything from his hair, nails or skin then he has to repent to Allaah and not do it again, but he does not have to offer any expiation, and that does not prevent him from offering the sacrifice as some of the common people think.
If he does any of those things out of forgetfulness or ignorance, or some hair falls unintentionally, then there is no sin on him.
If he needs to remove it then he may do so, and there is no blame on him, such as if a nail breaks and it annoys him, so he cuts it, or if a hair gets in his eye and he removes it, or he needs to cut his hair in order to treat a wound and the like.” Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/316
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “Yes, his sacrifice will be accepted but he will be a sinner. With regard to a widespread belief among the common people that if a man removes anything from his hair, nails or skin during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, his sacrifice is not valid, this is not correct, because there is no connection between the validity of his sacrifice and his removing anything from these three things.” Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 7/533
The Family does not have to abide by this ruling.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah) said, “With regard to the family of the one who is going to offer the sacrifice, they are not subject to any obligations, and it is not forbidden for them to remove anything from their hair or nails, according to the sounder of the two scholarly views. Rather the ruling applies only to the one who is going to offer the sacrifice, the one who has bought the sacrificial animal from his own wealth. Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/316.
What is NOT forbidden?
It is NOT forbidden for to wear new clothes or to put on henna or perfume, or be intimate with one’s spouse or have intercourse.